stubble_burning_punjab

Project Shwas - A background

Every year between October and November, the air quality deteriorates in Delhi and its neighboring states, caused by the burning of the agricultural residue by the farmers, after harvesting paddy to clear the fields for sowing wheat. Harmful air-contaminating gases such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide along with particulate matter are released during stubble burning, posing it as the biggest contributor of air and soil pollution in Northern India.

Why Shwas?

  • With a motto of “Let Punjab breathe a safe life”, the project SHWAS aims to provide natural, fresh air to the people of Northern India.
  • In addition to reducing the pollution from stubble burning, this project emphasizes on putting stubble into eco-friendly and productive uses.
  • The project is centered around producing manure and biogas from the stubble.
  • Biogas is certified as a clean source of energy and a promising substitute for fuel requirements for household as well as domestic usage.
  • The manure from the stubble is economical and effective in improving soil fertility and consequently, the crop quality.
  • The project also encompasses utilization of stubble in industries to manufacture paper, bio-briquettes for fueling boilers, to generate biogas at a larger scale and produce acoustic boards used in studios and auditoriums.

What is done to Crops residue?
Number of fire burning incidents in India!

Shwas: A Synopsis

The project primarily focuses on the in-situ utilization of stubble at the farms.The in-situ utilization of stubble consists of the formation of manure at farms and the generation of biogas in biogas plants. The in-situ utilization of stubble is a convenient, relatively less complicated, and more scalable way for creating great impacts.

The project also entails production of acoustic boards used for noise reduction in auditoriums, theatres, and sound studios. Stubble is also utilized for producing bio-briquettes, an alternative fuel for coal. The production of bio-briquettes envisions the reduction of over-dependence on coal, which is a non-renewable source of energy and a major contributor of harmful gases in the atmosphere. The project also utilizes stubble for producing paper, an initiative for curtailing deforestation.

Through this project, we anticipate reducing the air pollution and simultaneously producing profitable and cost-effective products using stubble, which otherwise is discarded and burnt posing potential environmental and health threats.

Areas Impacted/Target Area

The project directly impacts local inhabitants, farmers and cattle raisers, biogas plant owners, and industries utilizing stubble for productive purposes. The people impacted indirectly are residents of Delhi and other parts of Northern India affected by the pollution caused by stubble burning.

Unique Selling Proposition

Incentive to Farmers

The project provides an incentive to farmers in the form of manure, biogas, and money, which encourages farmers to cut stubble instead of burning it.

Assistance of College

The project is assisted by our college professors, who are themselves working on similar projects.

Technologies developed

IIT Ropar has developed SRM (Stubble-Removal Machine), a cost-effective machine to cut stubble after harvest and load it into the trolley. This machine makes the process of cutting stubble simpler, quicker, reliable, and economical.

Apt Location

The apt location of the project is yet another USP. Consequently, we receive the support of the state government in our ventures, because the issue of stubble burning is a concern for the state as well.

Business Model

The business model involves the four major parts :-

  1. Persuading Farmers

    Collaborating with farmers indulged in stubble burning and convincing them to stop its practice.

  2. Cutting Stubble

    Removing stubble from fields using SRM (Stubble Removal Machine).

  3. In-site Usage

    In-site manure formation, biogas generation in family biogas plants.

  4. Supply

    To major biogas plants & factories to produce paper, briquettes, etc.

Our Mentor

Dr. Prabir Sarkar
Associate Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering
IIT Ropar

Our college mentor who is himself working on the project of Stubble Burning, has developed SRM (Stubble-Removal Machine) and SCT(Stubble Collecting Trolley) which is a cost-effective machine to cut stubble after harvest and load it into the trolley.

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SRM(Stubble-Removal Machine) and SCT(Stubble Collecting Trolley)

Collaborator

RS Farm, Bahadurpur
A farm in the village of Bahadurpur, which has over 150+ cows and two biogas plants of capacity 200 cubic metres each. The farm provides free biogas to the whole village for domestic use. The farm has collaborated with us to purchase stubble supplied by Enactus team and utilize it for generating biogas and feeding livestock.

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